Overview of Classic and Matrix structures

Organizational structure defines how tasks are divided, coordinated, and how members of the organization relate to each other. It maps out who reports to whom and helps determine communication lines and frequency.

Types of Organizational Structures:

  1. Classic (Functional or Top-Down):
    • Follows a typical chain of command from CEO down to managers and their direct reports.
    • Similar to military structures, like the Army.
    • Communication is primarily with direct managers and peers in the same function.
  2. Matrix:
    • Functions as a grid, where employees report to their direct managers and communicate with stakeholders in other departments.
    • Example: At Google, teams may include members from marketing, sales, engineering, UX design, etc., working together on product programs.

Practical Application: Understanding the organizational structure is crucial for project managers as it influences how they prepare, execute projects, and communicate. During interviews, asking about the organizational structure can help clarify roles, expectations, and reporting lines.