Common project management approaches and how to select one

You've learned a lot about different project management approaches and when to use them. Here is a brief recap of some common ones:

Waterfall:

  • Description: Traditional, linear, and sequential. Each phase must be completed before the next begins.
  • Role: Project manager prioritizes and assigns tasks.
  • Quality: Criteria defined at the start.

Agile:

  • Description: Collaborative and iterative with frequent testing and improvements. Phases and tasks can overlap.
  • Role: Teams share responsibility.
  • Frameworks: Scrum and Kanban.
    • Scrum: Small, cross-functional teams, led by a Scrum Master, working in short sprints.
    • Kanban: Visual feedback tool using boards to show task status.

Lean:

  • Description: Eliminates waste and optimizes processes using the 5S quality tool.
  • 5S Steps:
    • Sort: Remove unneeded items.
    • Set in Order: Arrange and label items.
    • Shine: Keep the workspace clean.
    • Standardize: Perform processes consistently.
    • Sustain: Maintain procedures and discipline.
  • Tool: Uses Kanban for scheduling.

Six Sigma:

  • Description: Reduces variations by ensuring quality processes.
  • Process: Follows DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control).

Lean Six Sigma:

  • Description: Combines Lean and Six Sigma.
  • Tools: Uses 5S, DMAIC, and Kanban boards.
  • Ideal For: Saving money, improving quality, solving complex problems.

All methodologies emphasize communication and collaboration to deliver projects on time and within budget.

Selecting an Approach:

  • Factors: Project type, organization, and team needs.
  • Hybrid Approach: Combining methodologies as needed.

Recommended Reading: For more detailed information on methodologies and their use, check out this articles

Project Management Methodologies Examples & Overview - Teamwork.com
Waterfall, Agile, Scrum, Kanban and more. If you’re wondering which methodology you should choose, then you need to read this guide to project management methodologies.